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Saturday, November 2, 2019

Best Universities In Nigeria Offering Mass Communication

So you want to find out the best universities in Nigeria where you can easily study mass
communication this 2019?
Below are the list of 20 top Nigerian universities that are considered the best to study
mass communication in Nigeria this 2019:

1. Nnamdi Azikwe University (UNIZIK)
This school has one of the best departments of mass communication in the country. As
of writing post, 100 year level students will do a 11 courses in the department, 200 year
level students will also study 11 courses i.e 7 courses for the first semester and 6 for the
second semester. You can check the university’s website for more information on that.

2. Ahmadu Bello University (ABU ZARIA)
ABU ZARIA is one of the best universities in the north to study mass communication and
they have good lectures that can teach the course very well.

3. University of Lagos (UNILAG)
UNILAG is one of the most sought after universities in the country that students love to
attend. This school has one of the best faculties of arts and a well equipped department
of mass communication where courses like news writing, journalism ethics, reporting, etc
are taught.

4 University of Benin (UNIBEN)
This is a federal university in Nigeria that offers mass communication courses like
introduction to mass media, reporting and news writing, history of Nigeria mass media
news editing, critical writing and reviewing.

5. University of JOS (UNIJOS)
This is also a good school with state of the art facilities that makes it easy for students to
study and learn the course.

6. University of Nigeria (UNN)
Historically, UNN was the school that had the first department of mass communication in
Nigeria. Today, the school boasts of professors, lecturers that prioritize quality education
over any thing else. It is located in the Southeastern part of the country.

7. Imo state University
All the institutions listed above are federal schools, state and private universities that
offer quality education in mass communication and they are accredited by the NUC.

8. University of Ilorin
9. Anambra State University (ANSU)
10. Lagos State University (LASU)
11. Kogi State University
11. Covenant University
12. Redeemers University
13. Bowen University
14. Ebonyi State University
15. Delta State University
16. Ahmadu Bello University
17. Obafemi Awolowo University

All universities above are both Federal universities and private universities that gives the best teaching in mass communication in Nigeria and the good thing is that they are accredited universities.

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Friday, November 1, 2019

Uniben Students Halts Movement of CBN Bullion Van (Video)

Students shut down ever-busy Benin-Lagos expressway completely - in longest protest ever
halt movement of CBN bullion van, military vehicle
stop staff members from leaving or going into the school premisses
Chase all members of the management team who came to address them, including the Dean of Student, CSO, Head of Intelligence, Church Chaplain
says; "We're tired of the system
...the students, who have since converted the highway to a football pitch, have been supplied with foods and water to quench their thirst.

The students have equally shut down the main gates leading to the
Ugbowo main campus of the university, depriving staà of the
institution from leaving or going into the school premisses.
Report have it that the students are protesting failure of the
school management to restore electricity and water to those living
in the university’s hostels. 

The protest which commenced at about 6.a.m on Friday has halted
vehicular movements in and out of the ancient city of Benin.
Our correspondent observed that many travelers to and from Lagos were forced to take to other alternatives, including the popular Benin bypass. 

We reliably gathered that the students had earlier written to the school management to Õx the water and electricity 
problems but nothing had been done to resolve the issue.
As at the time of Õling this report, at about 11:30 a.m, the ever-busy
and commercial Ugbowo axis of the city is currently at a standstill.
Eàorts to obtain comment from the university’s public relations
officer (PRO), Mr Michael Osasuyi, proved abortive.
When our news crew visited the institution’s administrative block,
otherwise known as VCO, it was void of the usual day-to-day

The Vice Chancellor, Prof. F.F.O Orumwense; Registrar, Mrs O. A.
Oshodin and PRO were said to be out of town when our correspondent called at their PRO. 
This is not the first time students of the University of Benin will be protesting against epileptic power supply and lack of water in the school’s hostels. 
Postgraduate students of the school had last semester, protested against the development which led to the suspension of some hostels mayors and mayoress. 
Pictures and Videos below 

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Thursday, October 31, 2019

Introduction To Commerce

Commerce is the study if the art of selling and buying together with all activities and services which aid selling and buying. Commerce deals with the selling and buying of both tangible goods and services.
In primitive society every household produced the goods which it consumed. As society developed, it gradually became clear that no household could produce all the goods which it needed for it survival and comfort. This led to exchange. A farmer who has tubers of yam has to exchange some tubers for meat from the Hunter and some for fish from the fisherman, etc. The first commercial activities took the goods for goods. Under trade by barter money is not used as a medium of exchange.
   In modern times, commerce has developed into a complicated art involving many activities and services which directly or indirectly serve as aids to selling and buying. One word for "selling and buying" is trade. Among the various services which aid trade are a advertising, transportation, warehousing, insurance and banking. All these, therefore, come under commerce and they are referred to as auxiliary or ancillary services to trade. The activities of retailers, wholesalers, importers and exporters are also studied under commerce.
         Perhaps the best way for a novice to know what the subject of commerce deals with is to look at the content page of a standard book on Commerce. He or she will then see for himself the type of topics now treated under commerce. This will give him or her the best picture of what commerce is.

Scope of Commerce
Commerce has to deal with selling and buying as well as all the activities which serves as aids or auxiliaries to selling and buying. As mentioned above one word for selling and buying is trade. Anything that aids trade directly or indirectly is under commerce. The scope of commerce is therefore very wide. It covers all forms of transportation and communication. It also covers insurance, banking, warehousing, advertising, importation and exportation.
        A brief discussion of the above areas will give us a clearer idea of the scope of commerce.
1. Trade: Under trade we have domestic trade and foreign trade. Domestic trade is trade within  country. That is, it is the exchange of goods and services between the residents of the country. Domestic trade is also called internal trade or home trade.
     Foreign trade, on the other hand is trade between the residents of one country and those of another. Foreign trade involves the use of foreign currencies. It also involves importation and exportation.

2. Transportation: There are five main ways of transportation and they are land, water, air and by railways and by pipeline. In land transport people and goods are carried from one place to another through the use of foot, (that is trekking), animals (which can carry people and load), examples donkey, ass and camels (in Northern Nigeria) bicycles, motor cycles, trucks and motor vehicles.
          In water transport, canoes, ships and engine boats are used. Floating can also be used, examples for logs of timber in the creeks and rivers.
        In air transport, helicopters, and aeroplane are used.
          In rail transport, trains are used. In Nigeria we have railway lines running from the north to some parts of the South. Railway lines are very good for carrying bulky goods such as cattle, groundnut, rice, beans and coal.
          Only liquid goods such as oil (petroleum) can be transported through pipeline.

3. Communication: Communication is a very wide topic in commerce. It covers all such areas as communication by letters, by telegram, by telephone, telex, and print media.

4. Insurrance: Insurance houses insure individuals and corporate bodies against various types of risks. Insurance houses play an important role in the import trade.

5. Banking: There are various services which banks render that aid commercial activities.

6. Warehousing: These are houses specially built for the storage of goods.

7. Advertising: Advertising is the means whereby the availability and usefulness of goods and services are brought to the knowledge of prospective consumers.

8. Imports and Exports: Imports and exports are major topics in foreign trade and they are the substance of international commercial activities.

Functions of Commerce
  By function here is meant the work which commerce does in a country and it importance. The importance of commerce to the economic life of a country should be compared to that of food to the continued existence of a nation. Without commerce there will be a complete collapse of the economy of any nation.
Below are the main functions of commerce in a country's economic life:
1. Completion of Production: Production of goods and services is not complete until the goods and services reach the hands of the final consumer. No consumer's wants will be satisfied until goods desired reach his hand. It is through commerce that goods and services are transported and brought to the doorstep of the prospective consumer.
2. Change of Ownership: No prospective consumer is allowed by law to consume goods and services which do not belong to him or her. It is through commerce that ownership of goods and services passes from the producers to the final consumers.
3. Encouragement of Production: Commerce encourages producers to produce large quantities of goods. Without commerce producers will produce only for themselves and their families. No one will produce more than he needs if he knows that he will not be able to sell the extra. By encouraging producers to produce large quantities of whatever goods they are engaged on, commerce increases the total wealth of the nation.
4. Mobility of Factors of Production: Through commerce factors of production (labour, raw materials, capital and land) move efficiently and quickly to where they are most needed. For example, raw materials can be transported over long distances to industries where they are needed through commerce, while the industrialist concentrate their time and energy on the actual production process.
5. Division of Labour: Commerce encourages division of labour. The producer has  only concentrate on production. Raw materials which he or she uses are brought to them through commerce. Also his finished products are sold for him through commerce.
6. Funding: Producers and traders are financed through commercial activities of banks, stock-exchange markets and other financial institutions.
7. Reduction of Business Risks: The commercial activities of insurance houses have reduced greatly business risks.
8. Information: Through the commercial activity of advertising, consumers are informed about the availability of goods and services. Producers are also told about the type of goods consumers need and this enables producers to produce the right type of goods in future.
9. Provision of Employment: Commerce is a major employer of labour.
10.  Storage: The storage facilities provided by commercial houses in form of warehouses ensure that goods are preserved over a long period of time.

   Before the year 1807,  subsistence economy was practiced in nearly all parts of the territory now known ad Nigeria. Under subsistence economy each household produces the goods and services needed for it consumption. There was virtually no division of labour or specialization. Each man did hunting or setting traps to kill animals and fishes for the family. He also did farming to produce food crops and tubers for his household consumption. He built his own hut and produced crude seats for himself and family. His wife assisted in the farming work while the more dangerous work of hunting and fishing were seen as man's jobs. There was very little exchange of goods for goods (barter).
       However, there were certain ancient centres where commercial activities of s limited nature had been going on. Some of these ancient centres include Kano, Lokoja, Opobo, Calabar, Onitsha, Aboh, Ibadan, and Enugu. In these ancient centres articles of trade like salt, cloth, brass vessels, copper, book, firearm, were exchanged for local products like fish, cattle, hides and skin, gold, kolanuts and slaves. The Arabs and the Berbers, were among the foreigners in the trade.
        As from the fifteenth century the Portuguese joined this trade. They brought spices, peppers, iron works and tobacco which they exchanged for local products mainly slaves.
The Portuguese were more interested in the coastal towns such as Calabar, Aboh, Benin and Opobo. They also encouraged greatly the native Chiefs along the coasts to catch able-bodied young men for them. In return they gave the Chiefs tobacco, copper coins, jewelry and firearms. Cowries were also used at this time as medium of exchange; that is, as money.
This trade continued without any significant growth until 1807. In that year the British government abolished slave trade. As from this year legitimate trade started growing rapidly with full encouragement of the British Government.
The main article of the trade this time were palm kernel, palm oil, timber, hides and skin, groundnut.
Among the first British trading companies established in Nigeria were United African Company (UAC), The Royal Niger Company and the John Holts.
Later on the British Bank for West Africa was established to mint coins and paper money for British West Africa which then were Nigeria, Gold Coast (Now Ghana), Sierra Leone and Gambia. With this development real money guaranteed by a bank replaced rapidly the of cowries and other local mediums of exchange.
  B 1960 when Nigeria obtained political independence the level of commercial activity was fairly high. Several commercial banks have been established. Several insurance companies were already in the country. Also nearly all the railway lines now in the country were already laid. Several tarred roads, from south to north and from east to west, were already in the country.
      Since 1960 the rate of growth of the commercial activities of Nigeria has been unprecedented. Today, Nigeria's import and export trade is on the increase. The traditional economy is fast giving way to a commercial and industrialized one.
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Angry Students in War Of Words with UNIBEN SUG Over Power Outtage

For quite sometime now the popular yet very famous federal University that is University of Benin (UNIBEN) located in Benin City ugbowo campus has been left in total darkness and worst of all No water, when one of the aspirant SUG PRO with the name Ezemonye Christian contacted Uniben power house to inquire about the total black out in the campus it was discovered that the generator is faulty and effort are being made to restore power back to the school. And from investigation from the famous world Chief Osemudiamen it was said that the university of Benin a whole federal university is running short on supply of diesel.

Looking at the state of things in the school it is obviously clear that we have no Student Union Government in Uniben, says a student of the institution.

Below are the chats of Angry students over the state of happening at University of Benin (Uniben) and over the current attitude of the present SUG body in the University;

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15 Ways to Register For Unimed 2019/2020 Freshers

University of Medical Sciences, Ondo State (Unimed) Registration procedure for all newly admitted students of the university in the 2019/2020 academic session has been published. All newly admitted students of the university are therefore advised to follow the steps as stated below to complete their registration for the 2019/2020 academic session.

1. Visit JAMB Website & Print your Admission Letter

2. VISIT the University Portal on

3. Click on Check Admission Status to know your admission status and Accept It

4. Click on Payment to make payment for Acceptance Fee online and print evidence of payment or Generate Payment Invoice to pay through commercial banks via e- tranzact platform. Visit the portal thereafter to Confirm your Payment by carefully entering your Payment Confirmation No if payment was made through commercial banks.

5. Click Account Creation to Create Student Account and Subsequently Log In to fill all required forms.

6. Download & Print Completed Forms in 4 Copies.

7. Proceed to Academic Affairs Office for Screening (from Monday 15th October 2018) with 4 Copies of Printed Forms, Original Copies of Credentials – JAMB Admission Letter, ‘O’ Level/’A’ Level/B.Sc Result, Local Government Attestation Letter, Birth Certificate, Letter of good conduct from reputable person in the society, 4 Passport sized photograph, A

8. Proceed to the Health Centre to complete medical registration.

9. On Successful Clearance, proceed to pay for School Fees and Accommodation Fees (For Hostel Space).

10. Log in to your Account and fill Course Registration Form.

11. Download & Print Completed Course Registration in 4 Copies.

12. Proceed to your Departmental Course Coordinator for endorsement of Registration Form

13. Proceed to your Department for Head of Department’s endorsement

14. Proceed to Dean of your Faculty for endorsement.

15. Thereafter, Submit your completed course registration forms to your Faculty Officer.
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Photos: Uniben Final Year Students Rock Zombie Costumes

Uniben final year Computer Science students Wore zoombie cotumes for their final year week to the next level, pictures below;

When asked why they dress in zombie style they said it was to celebrate Halloween. 
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Tuesday, October 29, 2019

Definition of Constitution Sources and Types

The term Constitution can be defined as the fundamental rules and principles by which the activities of an organization, club or state are ordered. We can also defined constitution as a body of rules, customs, regulations and systems of laws by which a country or association is usually meant or used to allocate functions, duties and obligations to various members/organs of government in a country.
  Despite the above definition it is important to still consider Aristotle's description of Constitution. He described a constitution as "The arrangement of offices in a state, especially the highest of all." J.H. Prince simply postulated that, "a constitution is an agreed set of rules prescribing the organization of the government of a country".
     Aluyor (1996:67) defined constitution, as a dovument or principle, which defines amd regulates the conduct of rulers and citizens in an organization or country. These principles or rules have a basic source, which includes, norms, taboos, traditions, customs, and law made by parliament or congress (I.e Legislature).
A constitution is a compulsory phenomenon that is bound to exist in every society, family, organization, company, polytechnic, University, Association, state or country. The constitution creates an ordered situation by which the activities of a people can be properly organized and moderated.
   Appadorai (1975:246) defined constitution as "the body of rules which directly or indirectly affect the distribution or the exercise of the sovereign power in the state". It is also the collection of principles according to which the powers of the government, the rights of the governed and the relations between the two are adjusted.
Nwankwo (1992:94) defined constitution as "the philosophy and fundamental laws of a state". It is a body of laws which determines how a state is governed. A constitution states the relationship or bonds between the citizens and the state and it defines the structure, powers and functions of the organs of government namely; The executive, legislative and judiciary.
"A constitution is an agreed set of rules or principles which may or may not be documented, prescribing the organization and operations of the government of a state, society or any group". It may evolve from, and assume the form of customs and traditions of a people or a documented and formalized form (Obasi 1996:67).

The Roles/Function of a Constitution 
Constitution plays very fundamental roles in the life of any nation. These functions inclide:
1. Prescription of the structure and mode of organization or constitution of the government (Obasi 1999:66).
2. Determines the relationship among the various organs and agencies of government.
3. It spell out the rights, duties and obligations of the citizens in a country.
4. The constitution states how the fundamental rights of the citizens can be guaranteed and safeguarded.
5. It defines, shares or allocates powers, privileges, functions/responsibilities to the various organs/tiers of government.
6. It spells out the ideology of the state.
7. It defines clearly the aspirations, motto and goals of the government and people.
8.. The constitution states the procedure of the amendment of the Constitution.
9. It stipulates the composition and qualifications of citizens into various organs and agencies of government.
10. The constitution serves as a symbol of sovereignty and statehood.
11. It enhances the government's legitimacy and helps to maintain the political, social and economic stability of the state.
12. It defines and stipulates the type of political party and system/form of government that should exist in the country.
13. The constitution specifies the types and characteristics of government that is Federal, Unitary, Presidential or Cabinet system to be adopted in the country (Johnson 1994:83)

Sources of Constitution
The sources of Constitution include the following:
Legislative laws
Acts of parliament
Judicial precedents/decisions
Historical documents
Common law
Writings of prominent publicists or jurists
Past experience
Intellectual works
Constitutional Conferences
International law
Statuses... Etc

Types of Constitution
There are many types or kinds of constitution. They imclude:
1. Written Constitution
2. Unwritten Constitution
3. Rigid Constitution
4. Flexible Constitution
5. International Constitution
6. Federal Constitution
7. Unitary Constitution
8. Confederal Constitution
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UNIPORT Basic Studies 2019 2020 Admission List

Qualified candidates can now access admission list of basic study for the 2019/2020 academic session via the university's website. See how to access UNIPORT basic study 2019 2020 admission list below;

Click on below link it will redirect you University of Port harcourt website
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Withhold October Salary And See Us Strike - Asuu

Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) has threatened to embark on strike action by November if the Federal Government goes ahead to withhold the October salary of Lecturers over their refusal to enrol in the ‘new’ payment system known as Integrated Personnel Payment Information System.

The Nigerian government adopted the IPPIS as a centralised payment system in order to block leakages and curb corruption and has mandated  all Federal ministries, departments and agencies of government including Federal University Lecturers to be enrolled in the system. However, the lecturers are saying there are sufficient inbuilt measures in the current structure of the university system ” that is capable of checkmating corruption”.

According to ASUU, imposing IPPIS on universities is not only a violation of university laws, especially the hard-earned autonomy, “it is a relegation of the federal government’s agreement with ASUU.” as it willcost federal universities their “hard-earned autonomy.”

Speaking on the planned strike, the ASUU’s Zonal Coordinator for Bauchi zone, Lawal Abubakar  said that the zone already have a standing order of ‘no salary no work’ which means the members would not turn up for work should they not receive their salary alerts on the last day of the month.

On how the IPPIS may affect lecturers, Abubakar said “the university may no longer be able to assist a lecturer who has issues with either his research allowances, or his rent allowance or his retirement benefits, because such a lecturer would have to travel to Abuja before he or she can get that done. But the university system is too dynamic for such delays and bottleneck.

“Secondly, the university system is so flexible that a lecturer may decide to disengage from service at any time. So should such a situation arises, and a vice-chancellor whose university has lost its autonomy needs to get replacement, must have to go through some offices in Abuja; and when such officers would insist they have their candidate included in the list. A VC that rejects this would have to suffer the consequences of future denials of approvals, ” he said.

“No one can force ASUU to sign into IPPIS because the system requires us to fill the form, get our biometric data captured before one can be in the payment system.”

“We are not going to do that. And should they withhold our salaries, there is a standing instruction that we don’t show up for work a day after the last day of the month,” he said.
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JAMB Strategy To Eliminates Zero Score in UTME

The Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) has disclosed that a strategy of score standardization that has been adopted for the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME). According to JAMB boss Prof Is-haq Oloyede with this strategy, students who registers for the UTME cannot score zero, even if they are absent from the examination.

Similarly, candidates who did not attempt any question or who did not get any answer correctly were also captured under the strategy and would be awarded a “common scale with uniform metric.”

This means that all candidates, who are registered for a paper, will be awarded a score for that paper, and there would be no zero score.  Meanwhile, prospective UTME Candidates are advised to start preparations towards the exam by joining our verified Jamb Whatsapp group through this link

This new development was made known in a paper presented by JAMB's Registrar, Prof Is-haq Oloyede titled: ‘Social responsiveness in applying assessment technicality: The case of standardization of a zero score in the UTME.’, and captured in the JAMB weekly bulletin.

The board said, “The adoption of the score standardization is a technical procedure for transforming candidates’ raw scores in the different subjects taken by each candidate to a common scale with uniform metric or units, which is the globally accepted procedure.

“The general public hardly understands nor appreciates why scores should be transformed and this has been generating controversies and throwing up all sorts of unfounded arguments. It is to be noted that some poorly educated professionals consider the transformation of scores as an arbitrary allocation of unmerited scores.

“The issue has been compounded by candidates whose scores of zero were transformed alongside other candidates’ scores of above zero. Transformation is generally across board and was not focused on individual candidates."

The board noted that apart from Oloyede, the panel of experts, which brainstormed on score standardisation,  comprised Prof Boniface Nworgu, Prof Raheem Lawal, Prof Muhammad Yakasai and Dr Omokunmi Popoola.
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EKSU Academic Timetable For 2019/2020

The Ekiti State University Ado Ekiti (EKSU) Academic timetable for 2019/2020 session has been released online. The management of the Ekiti State University Ado Ekiti (EKSU) has released the  academic timetable for the first semester of 2019/2020 academic session. The break down of the academic timetable activities is indicated downward;

First Semester:

Monday 4th November 2019 – Registration begins
Friday 8th November 2019  – Registration ends
Monday 11th November 2019  – Orientation Programme begins
Friday 29th November 2019  – Orientation Programme ends
Monday 2nd December 2019  – Lecture begins
Friday 20th December 2019  – Christmas Break begins
Friday 3rd January 2020  – Christmas Break ends
Monday 16th February 2020 – Continuous Assessment Begins
Friday 21st February 2020  – Continuous Assessment ends
Friday 27th March 2020  – Lectures end
Monday 30th March 2020  – Revision begins
Friday 3rd April 2020  – Revision ends
Friday 6th April 2020  – Examinations Begin
Friday 27th April 2020  – Examinations End

Registration outline/Orientation – 4 weeks
Lectures – 14 weeks
Revisions – 1 week
Examinations – 3 weeks

Ekiti State University Ado Ekiti (EKSU) was formerly known as Obafemi Awolowo University, Ado-Ekiti on 30 March 1982 by the administration of late Chief Michael Adekunle Ajasin,the first civilian governor of Ondo State. The university is a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities. It is located at the city of Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State in Western Nigeria.
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