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Saturday, May 5, 2018


Leadership is the organizing and co-ordinating of resources

What is Leadership?

  Munroe, (1993) defines leadership as the ability to inspire others to become and fulfill themselves. 
     Leadership by the definition is the capacity to influence, inspire, rally, direct, encourage, motivate, induce, move, mobilize and activate others to pursue a common goal or purpose while maintaining commitment, momentum, confidence and courage. 
   "Leadership is the orginising and coordinating of resources, energies and relationship in a productive context for an intended result". 
In its simplest form, leadership is the managing of a managers towards a common-goal. 
      An important ingredient of leadership function is the ability to draw the best out from other people and inspire them to maximize their potentials and that of the resources they manage. It should be noted that the purest form of leadership is influenced through inspiration. In short, the greatest and the most important aspect of leadership is inspiration. 

Types of Leadership
  Three types or styles of leadership are most common. Each involves a different amount of reciprocity and a different relationship between leaders and followers:
1. Trustee Leadership : The term " trustee" here describes the leadership operated by a person or a group of person's who believe that their superior skills give them the authority to lead as they wish. 
   Leaders who operate this feel they know what is in the best interest of their followers and they act accordingly. In a trustee relationship, followers often give their loyalty to leaders because these leaders are able to make things work. 

2. Broker Leadership: This type involves a great deal of interaction between a leader and followers. They often have good' understanding of their state, a necessity for their election to office.  

3. Delegated Leadership : Here leaders often respond directly to the desire of their followers. People or groups who lead as delegates listen as carefully as possible to followers. Thus, they act in strict accordance with followers' goals (Judith G et al 1979). 

Who is a Leader?
  There is different between "Leadership" and the "Leader".  Munroe (1993) defines the leader as "the designated position and the individual assuming the position, accepting the responsibility and accountability that accompany the designated position". 
   As Myles rightly put it " Leadership on the other hand, is the function of designated position and the exercise of the responsibilities involved in the position". The understanding of the differences is necessary in order to have a working definition of both. 
A leader is one who influences others to follow after him to a common cause or purpose. A leader possesses the character which inspire their confidence. In short, he is a confidence servant.  

What Makes a Leader?

   Leaders are made and not born. Everyone has the capacity and potential to become leader. There are distinct characteristics that make one a leader and they are also common to leadership. They are:
Purpose : The fundamental key to becoming a leader is the discovering and capturing of a sense of purpose. Purpose is the original intent or reason for the creation or existence of a thing. The leader has a clear, guiding vision that encourages persistence; even in trying periods. 
Passion : This is a deep controlling desire that makes the leader's commitment to the set goals. The strong love which makes the leader does what he do to achieve the desired goals. 
Integrity : This means sincerity, honest, truthfulness, self-knownledge and maturity. The leader must truly know himself, his strengths and weakness, what he wants to do and why he wants to do it. This will help him to experience significant success. Maturity is also important because every leaders needs to have experience and growth through following. He needs to be dedicated, observant and capable of working with others. As a result,  he can inculcate these qualities in his followers. Integrity is a basic key to become a leader. 
Trust : Trust is a product of time and integrity. Trust can not be acquired. It must be earned. Leaders are individuals whose characters have been tested,  proven and established as being faithful and trustworthy. Trustworthiness is a product of character and competence. That is, who you are and what you can do. Trustworthiness is the foundation of trust, to become and effective leader you must earn the trust and confidence of others, most especially those you lead. 
Curiosity and Daring : To a leader, life should be an adventure. Leaders are willing to challenge traditions and experiment with new ideas. A leader must be willing to take risk, try new things and challenge conventions. He does not worry about failure, knowing he will learn from it. 

The Roles or Duties of a Leader

  • Realistic Objective: The leader must establish goals that are realistic in the light of the organization or community or state. 
  • Provide the Necessary Resources : If the goals are to be reached, leaders must supply the proper tools, equipment and train man power to make the attainment of objectives possible. 
  • Make the Expectations Known : Through formal and informal communication, leaders must take known to followers precisely what is expected from them, in order to satisfy organizational or state goals. 
  • Shows Consideration : The position and concern of the followers must be important to the leaders knowing that without the cooperation of the followers, much nay not be achieved. 
  • Delegated Authority and Invite Participation : In order to motivate and challenge followers and to train them to assume greater responsibility, leaders must delegate some if their functions. This can enhance followed morale and ease some of the leader's burden. 
  • Lead by Example: They must be practitioners of what they preach. They must be a living examples. 
  • Co-ordination : The leader should co-ordinate effectively the affairs of the group, for positive result. 
  • Smooth and Orderly Transition of Power : The leader must ensure smooth and orderly transition of power. This will help promote the faith and respect of followers in the polity. 
  • Inspires Loyalty : Leaders must inspire loyalty of the followers within the community or the state. Thus, they help to ensure the patriotism of followers. 

Qualities of A Good Leader

    Whenever there is a good leadership there must be a good follower ship. Good leaders seems to have special wisdom for getting others to follow them and to do what they want done. Although a good leader can be known and recognized by others, yet we cannot easily ascertain the traits that makes a good leader. By observing outstanding leaders there are distinct qualities that most of them possess. 
1. A Desire to Excel : A good leader is never content with being second rate or mediocre. He always wants to be out in front. He is the individual who is motivated by hard work to archive success. 
2. A Sense of Responsibility : A good leader is never afraid to accept obligation from others. He is always willing to discharge any responsibility he assumes. 
3. Communication : A good leader needs to be able to communicate messages and orders accurately and clearly to his followers. If he lacks this ability he us not worth much. 
4. Critics : A good leader should take and welcome constructive criticism, as this will help him check his excesses, which can lead to his failure and total fall. 
5. A Capacity For Work : Good leaders see work as part of them. They are always willing to accept the demands of leadership. That is, long hours of hard work. 
6. A Drive For Good Human Resources : Good leaders are always involved with their followers; studying and analyzing their needs and demands, with a view to solving them. 
7. A sense of Integrity : A good leader mist have a high sense of integrity. A leader who succeeds has to be honest with himself and with his followers. Lack of honesty will inadvertently force a leader out of his position. 
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Friday, May 4, 2018

Ahab And Naboth Vineyard

Greed and it effect
Ahab and Gehazi: 1 Kg. 21 : 1 - 29;  2Kg. 5 : 1 - 27

    Ahab was the king of Israel in Samaria. 
A man of Jezebel, named Naboth had his vineyard near Ahab's Palace and Ahab wanted to acquire the vineyard. Naboth was not willing to part with the land which he had inherited.
          Ahab became disappointed and he refused to eat in his house. When the wife of Ahab (Jezebel) learnt of the cause of her husband's unhappiness, she cheered him up and assured him that she would give the vineyard to him.
Jezebel wrote letters and sealed them with Ahab's seal. In the letters she instructed the elders of Israel to proclaim a feast, causing God and the king and to him death.
These orders were quickly carried out and Naboth was stoned to death. Ahab took possession of the vineyard as soon as he heard of the death of Naboth.

    The Lord was not happy with the murder of Naboth and He sent prophet Elijah to warn Ahab that dogs would lick his blood at the same spot where Naboth's blood was licked up by dogs. When Elijah met Ahab to deliver the Lord's message to him, Ahab asked him " have you found me O my enemy"? Elijah answered that he had found him and then told Ahab the grave punishment of death that awaited him and his posterity because of his wicked acts and idolatry. He told Ahab that Jezebel's body would be eaten by dogs within the bound of Jezreel.
  After hearing this message, Ahab fasted and mourned before the Lord. His humility and penitence pleased the Lord and so the Lord told Elijah that the punishment would not be visited on his family in Ahab's days but would surely come to pass during the reign of his son.

Gehazi was Elisha's servant. He was very greedy. His greediness is shown in this account. Naaman was the commander of the Syrian Army. He was a leper. His housemaid who was a captive from Israel told Naaman's wife about prophet Elisha who could cure him. Naaman told the king of Syria about it and the king wrote a letter to the king of Israel. Naaman went to Israel with gifts and the letter. When the king of Israel was given the letter he was afraid and said;
      " Am I God, to kill and to make alive that this man sends words to me to cure a man of leprosy"?

   Prophet Elisha directed Naaman to wash seven times in river Jordan and that he would be cured. Naaman hesitated to obey Elisha's instruction but he was persuaded by his servants.
Eventually he was cured after dipping himself seven times in River Jordan. Naaman came to express gratitude to Elisha and to praise God. He gave some gifts to Elisha but Elisha refused to accept the gifts. Elisha's servant, Gehazi was not happy for this, He secretly went to meet Naaman and told him that Elisha was now ready to accept the gifts. Naaman was happy to give him the gifts.
   When Gehazi returned, Elisha asked him where he had gone. Gehazi lied to Elisha by saying that he did not go anywhere. Elisha then told him what had happened. Elisha told him that the leprosy of Naaman shall come upon him. Immediately Gehazi became a leper.
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Wednesday, May 2, 2018

Synthesis, Sentences, Clauses And Phrases

Learn synthesis sentences clauses and phrases
Sentence : A sentence is a group of words so arranged as to express a complete thought. Each sentence has subject (something spoken about) and Predicate (something said about it). Examples :
1. All the world is a stage
2. I remember 

Subject                     Predicate   
All the world            is a stage
I                                  remember 

Synthesis : This means combining or binding together a succession of little sentences, all bearing on the sane subject, into one or more longer sentences, in which the facts stated will be presented in a more readable form. Synthesis is to composition what Analysis is to parsing. 

Simple Sentence : A sentence is said to be simple when it has only one finite verb expressed or understood. In other words, a simple sentence contains only one subject and one predicate. Example 1 and 2 above are simple sentences. Further examples are :
3. He supports his mother.  She has bad health. 
4. He supports his mother.  She is invalid. 

Clauses: The two sets of simple sentences above can be combined or rolled into one (synthesis) by the use of the relative "who" and a transfer of adjective:
5. He supports his invalid mother who has bad health. 
6. He supports his invalid mother. 

When two sentences are thus combined, they cease to be called sentences, and, in relation to the new sentence which they form, they are called Clauses. 

Compound Sentences: A compound sentence is a combination of clauses. A compound sentence can compromise any number of classes provided each clause is independent. For example : 
7. The cat meowed, the dog whined, and the baby howled for its rattle. 

Complex Sentences : In some instances, the clauses maybe dependent. When there exists a principal clause and a subordinate one, the whole sentence is called a Complex Sentence. 
9. Here is a portrait of my grandmother, who was in her youth a very beautiful woman. 

Here the clause who was a very beautiful woman is dependent on the first clause. It describes my grandmother, and so stands in place of an adjective. 
10. The money was discovered where it had fallen. 
Here the clause expands what the verb tells us, and really stands in place of an adverb. 
     A complex sentence contain a number of subordinate clauses. We may have all two kinds of examples shown above ( example 9 and 10) in the same sentence. 

Complex and Compound Sentences: These contain two principal clauses and one or more dependent clauses as:
11. They reached the battlements which were deserted by the sentinels, and put the entire garrison to the sword. 
  For the purpose of composition the following three classification is sufficient :
Simple sentences 
Compound Sentence : (those having two or more principal clauses but no subordinate clauses)

Complex sentence: (those having one or more principal, and one or more subordinate clauses). 
Compare the following example: The principal verbs are in bold type : 
12. John Adams was a citizen of credit and renown. Simple
13. The Queen of france, being a Spaniard, would not, he thought, be welcome. Complex 
14. Tom put out his pink palm, and Bob was not slow to place his hard, grimy hand within it. Compound

Grammatical Functions : You must guard against error of regarding the grammatical principal clause as the most important clause. 
15. He told me that my house had been burned to the ground. 
He told is grammatically the principal clause, but the subordinate noun clause is the more important. What does it matter who told me, compared with the fact that my house is ruined?
On the other hand, if the news were false, and the question was who had spread the disagreeable story,  the grammatical principal clause would also be really important one. 

Phrases : A phrase is a group of words which make sense, not complete sense consider the following examples :
16. Being unable to stifle his remorse........... 
17. To have worked well............................. 
These words do not make complete sense. To make complete sense, we must add the finite part of some verb, thus:
18. Being unable to stifle his remorse, he killed himself. 
19. To have worked well is small satisfaction. 

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