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Wednesday, October 25, 2017

Ways Of Fighting Political Apathy

What Is The Meaning of Political Apathy
Apathy simply means a feeling of not having any interest in or enthusiasm about anything. It also means the feeling of not willing to make any effort to change things. While Political apathy means a feeling of having no interest and enthusiasm about politics.
       The belief of people like this is that politics is a dirty game, and whatever is done there is not their business because a certain set of people are meant for the task, and only those who are atheist or freelance can join politics. Political apathy involves the attitude of indifference of citizens to Democratic processes.  It shows the negative behavioral disposition of people towards the government of their country vis-à-vis every other political activity. Political apathy, if left uncontrolled, can bring about stagnation to the development of a nation.

What are the Causes of Political Apathy
There are so many factors that can cause the indifference of the citizens to the democratic processes.

  1. Unfulfilled Political Promises : people become apolitical to the system because of the way politicians cajole them to vote for them with juicy promises which they never fulfill. 
  2. Bad Governance : the inability of the political leaders to provide amenities and other measures to improve the welfare of the people is another reason for political apathy. 
  3. Political violence : The attitude of some politicians who see politics as a do or die affair which always result to violence, assassinations and assault on their political opponents always discourage citizens from participating in politics. 
  4. Electoral Malpractices : Various electoral malpractices which include multiple voting, rigging, declaration of wrong candidate as winner and the inability of the government to punish electoral offenders who disrupt elections are all reasons that discourage the people from participation in politics. 
  5. Party ideologies : People become apolitical when they observe that the political parties existing or ruling at a particular time do not have any strong ideology. 
Ways of Fighting Political Apathy
The central point of democracy is the participation of the citizens in the democratic process. The spirit of democracy is " people centered " as majority rule is often listed as a major characteristic of democracy.
      However, when people in a political system become indifference to the Democratic process and the government, there can be stagnation to the development of the nation. If political apathy is left uncontrolled, there can be disorder, violence and revolution which could have been averted and resolved by people's participation and total involvement in political process.
 Thus, the various way of fighting political apathy are as follows:

(I) Political Awareness: People should strive to know what is going on in their political system. They should understand and have current awareness of various developments and activities of government in their country. The teaching of Civic Education in schools is one of the ways to make students understand and have the awareness of democratic system. This measure will curb political apathy in the society. Knowledge, it is said, is power.

(II) Understanding and Knowing Political Rights: Citizens, apart from understanding the democratic system, should be aware of their rights and duties in the democratic system and perform their duties as expected.

(III) Performing Civic Duties: Another major way to curb political indifference of the citizens towards political activities is to encourage and make them perform their political duties and obligations to their nation and the government. They should respect and obey the law; serve their father land and pay their taxes regularly for government to provide basic amenities.

(IV) Participation in Elections: The best way to fight political apathy is the participation of citizens in elections. Citizens should be ready to vote and defend their votes to instill their will on the system. The people's wish cannot be instituted if they do not defend and stand by it.

(V) Joining Popular Organizations: Political apathy can also be cured by encouraging citizens to join popular political and civil society groups or associations. Through these organizations they can make their opinions known and collectively fight and also protect the rule of law which is the foundation of civilized society.

(Vi) Defending Rights: Citizens should be ready to defend to defend their rights in the face of opposition or hindrance. It is one thing to be aware of the rights, but it is another to be able to defend it. Citizens should be ready to defend their rights against arbitrary arrests, secret trials, intimidation, cruel or degrading treatment or punishment and delay in legal adjudication among other infringement on their rights.

(Vii) Poverty Reduction/Eradication: People who are poor do not have the time or interest in politics. All they do is toil from dusk to dawn in search of basic necessities example food, clothing and shelter. Consequently, if poverty is reduced or completely eradicated in the society, more people will find time for politics.

SUMMARY
Political apathy is a virus which if left uncontrolled cam bring about stagnation to the development of the nation. It can also lead to break down of law and order and violence. It is important for citizens to know that political problems cannot be curbed by political apathy. If government is left in the hands of mediocre, it is the citizens who will suffer because of the spill over effect of their apathy which have given the idle ones the opportunity to rule.
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Monday, October 23, 2017

Marketing Boards

Definition of Marketing board : Produce Marketing boards are bodies set up by the various West African Government and given the sole right to buy and sell agricultural produce ( especially those meant for export ).
    In Nigeria, we have the Cocoa, Palm produce, Groundnut etc Marketing Boards throughout the country. The same thing is applicable to all other West African Countries.
Let's look at the aims of Marketing boards. 

               AIMS OF THE MARKETING BOARDS
  1. To stabilize the prices of commodities they control. 
  2. To buy internally and sell abroad. 
  3. To transport and ship produce within and outside the country. 
  4. To improve production methods. 
  5. Conduct research into approved seedlings, methods of production and control of pest.  
Interesting to know the aims but everything have an advantage and disadvantage so below are the advantages of marketing boards.

              ADVANTAGES OF MARKETING BOARDS 
  1. Reduction in exploitation of producers. 
  2. Increased supply of infrastructural facilities. 
  3. Greater price stability and food productions. 
  4. Creation of an effective market information service. 
Below are the disadvantage or problems of marketing boards.

            PROBLEMS/DISADVANTAGE OF MARKETING BOARDS
  • Getting information to illiterate farmers. 
  • Political interference in the activities of the Marketing Boards. 
  • In accessibility to producing areas such as the swampy and hinter lands. 
  • The problem of fixing a reasonable price for a particular cropping season. 
  • Lack of skilled personnel. 
  • The scattered nature of the growing areas. 
  • Activities of produce smugglers along the borders. 
  • The problem of what to do with surplus produce. 
Indeed developing countries needs Marketing boards to grow rapidly in their economy, now that you have learnt about marketing boards don't keep the wisdom alone you can share to others and also invite others and we do appreciate your comments. 
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